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One of the world's leading underwater archeologists recounts experiences from his 24 years as founder and head of the elite, award-winning Submerged Cultural Resources Unit (SCRU) team of the U.S. National Park Service-adventure writing at its best. In Submerged, Lenihan (the co-author with Gene Hackman of the novel Wake of the Perdido Star) takes the reader on a kaleidoscope of underwater experiences-to ancient ruins covered by reservoirs in the desert southwest, to the lower rings of hell to retrieve the bodies of drowned divers, to gripping accounts of personal survival in underwater caves, ships, and submerged buildings. Among the astonishing, often harrowing assignments he recalls: • The Isle Royale shipwrecks: Surveying ten large ships sunk from the mid-19th to mid-20th centuries in the middle of the frigid and deep Lake Superior. • The USS Arizona in Pearl Harbor: Executing the largest mapping project ever conducted underwater, and his personal impressions as, the leader of the first expedition to explore and video the entire ship in 1983. • Investigating the hull of the HL Hunley, the first submarine in history to sink an enemy ship, in Charleston Harbor during the Civil War. • Resurveying of the ships sunk by atomic bombs at Bikini Atoll, including the aircraft carrier USS Saratoga and Japanese battleship Nagato.



Maritime archaeology deals with shipwrecks and is carried out by divers rather than diggers. But this is by no means a marginal branch of archaeology. It embraces maritime history, analyzing changes in ship-building, navigation, reconstructing the infrastructure of waterborne commerce, and offers fresh perspectives on the cultures and societies that produced the ships and sailors. Drawing on detailed and recent case studies, Richard Gould provides an up-to-date review of the field and a clear exposition of new developments in undersea technologies. He also argues for the careful management of underwater cultural resources.



Some of the most exciting archaeological discoveries aren't made by Indiana Jones wannabes prowling through the jungle in search of forgotten cities or by Egyptologists looking for lost passageways in the pyramids. They are found by divers exploring shipwrecks such as the Titanic and the U.S.S. Monitor. Every now and then they even uncover the remains of human settlements sleeping beneath the waves. Underwater Archaeology is an inexpensive and colorful book about the people who do this work and what they sometimes bring to the surface--a great introduction to the subject. It is another fine title in the Discoveries series of books published by Harry N. Abrams.



This encyclopedia is the first comprehensive reference book on the discovery and recovery of underwater archaeological remains around the world and across time. Written by archaeologists and other scientists who have made the discoveries, it offers a wealth of authoritative and accessible information on shipwrecks, drowned cities, ritual deposits, and other relics of our submerged past.



From aerial survey to zoology, Part I of this two-part encyclopedia covers all aspects of underwater archeology, treasure hunting and salvaging. For example, entries are included for different types of artifacts, notable treasure hunters, the various salvaging equipment, and techniques in mapping and excavating. Part II covers the shipwrecks themselves, dividing them into 13 geographical categories. Beginning with the northernmost category (Canada) and ending with the southernmost (South America), every known shipwreck—both identified and unidentified—receives an entry in alphabetical order under its appropriate geographical category. Entries are by name, such as Andrea Gail, Titanic, and Queen Ann's Revenge. Unidentified is used when a shipwreck's name remains unknown. Entries give the nationality (e.g., Spanish, British, American), type (schooner, frigate, brig are three), function (examples: slave transportation, piracy, fishing), location and history of the shipwreck



A nautical archaeologist and expert on seacraft of the ancient Near East recounts his excitement and efforts at discovering and recovering a Roman-period boat in the Sea of Galilee in 1986. He also juxtaposes relevant texts from Christian and Jewish history of the period. Well illustrated with black-and-white photographs of the endeavor.



"Give me a fast ship and a good crew, for I intend to sail into harm's way," American naval war hero John Paul Jones once bravely proclaimed. Since ancient times, people have built ships to cross and control the oceans during wartime. Many of the vessels used in battle now lie shrouded in the ocean depths, blasted to their watery graves along with their faithful crews.

From the defeat of Antony and Cleopatra at Actium to the 1946 nuclear detonations at Bikini Atoll, Lost Warships places shipwrecks in a broad historical, often-tragic narrative of warfare at sea. Drawing on the author's knowledge as an underwater archaeologist, naval historian, and maritime museum director as well as historical accounts, paintings, contemporary documents, photographs, and maps, the book presents a comprehensive, graphically appealing overview of milestones in marine warfare that changed the course of world history. Sidebars featuring histories of specific battles, ships, relics, and shipwrecks further illustrate and enhance this riveting tale.





Introduces the discipline of underwater archaeology and the techniques used to find and study submerged ships.



From the moment of their discovery by Europeans in 1503, the Caymans were recognized for their abundance of sea turtles, a resource that supported the colonization of the West Indies and fostered the development of a distinctive group of sea-hardened people whose nautical skills were known throughout the world. Roger C. Smith follows the mysterious tracks of the sea turtles and the mariners who hunted them, from the shores of the Caymans to the coastal shores of the Caymans to the coastal lagoons of Cuba and finally to the Miskito Cays of Nicaragua. He also pursues the colonial exploits of privateers and pirates, examines the development of island catboats and schooners, and takes the reader underwater to the sites of unlucky ships that wrecked on poorly charted reefs.



Man: 12,000 Years Under the Sea is the dramatic story of underwater archaeology. The work looks back at Greek divers' discovery of ancient statues in the sea, and covers the history of marine archaeology to the present, including the recovery of Ice Age Man's 12,000-year-old remains from the bottom of Florida springs. Burgess writes from his experience for an assured exciting read.



Previously unpublished archaeological findings are presented in this story of the Spanish Armada's attack on England in the 16th century and its eventual fight for survival against all odds. Designed to capture England and seize the throne from Elizabeth I, the Armada was the greatest sailing fleet the world had even known, containing 130 ships, 29,453 soldiers and sailors, and 2,241 guns. This book looks at the political and personal motivations that led to the attack, the success of the English onslaught, battle formations and fighting techniques, and the scattering of Spanish ships against the Irish coast by violent storms.


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